What is the first thing that comes to mind about a building, whether for business or even for a living? The facade of that building is the first thing that is important for us, which is also the discussion of practical beauty.
From the past until now, choosing the best and most appropriate facade of a building has always been of particular importance. The rule used in the architectural style of a country and on a smaller scale in a city includes the beliefs and convictions of that land.
The material used is an essential element that, in addition to being eye-catching, has good strength, good longevity, and the necessary standards against the budget for which it is spent.
The world of building designers and architects is vast, and they can provide us with many options, but this breadth of ideas is excellent but for those who may not have enough information and are not experts in this field.
In this article, we try to examine the details of different building facades and be able to increase our awareness and choose the best option among building facades.
The exterior is like a protective layer for buildings, and tips that are very important in choosing the facade of the building, taking into account the climatic conditions, geographical location of the building, the number of floors of the building, what is the purpose of building this property and the building.
Just as the decoration and furniture used in an environment are essential, a building’s exterior design is coordinated in different parts. And this coordination even includes the entrance door of the building.
In general, the facade of a building can be divided into three categories:
- Classic building facade
- Neoclassical building facade
- Modern building facade
Classic Buildings’ Facades
The classic or Roman facade of the building, Taken from classical Roman and Greek architecture. Architectural styles born in Europe after the Renaissance can be considered classical architecture.
The range of classic views can be seen worldwide, and ideas are taken from it, and it has its fans.
Symmetry is one of the inseparable principles of classic facade design, and this type of system is original, so in this era, the tendency towards the traditional view has increased.
On the other hand, the classic view brings a sense of grandeur to the residents and people who watch it from the outside, as you can see Countries like the United States build their office buildings in a classic style.
Neoclassical Buildings’ Facades
Architectural styles born in Europe after the Renaissance can be considered classical architecture.
The neoclassical facade is, in fact, distinct from other classical and modern buildings. One of the distinguishing features of neoclassical architecture is the wall’s effect, which gives an individual character to each part of it.
It can be said that neo-classics uses a classic design in a modern style. For example, in interior design and facade design, there is a classic building. There is also a neoclassical classification that was combined with some modern facade styles in terms of structure.
This style’s features are the implementation of classic decorations and designs along with modern and new facilities in designing the facade of the building and observing the symmetry and proportion that exists in classical architecture and the use of traditional materials such as stone brick, and wood.
Modern Buildings’ Facades
Modern design in architecture began in the early decades of the twentieth century. Unlike the old style with elaborate design, designers try to find ways to make architecture more accessible. The standard principles of all these designs are simplicity, efficiency, and elegance.
The modern facade can be recognized with creative and bold design, and you can always expect surprises in it. This style’s features are the use of vertical, horizontal, and angled rhythms and the use of new materials and technologies. Innovation in this design is vital.
Distinctive Features of the Modern Facades
- Emphasis on the horizontal and vertical lines of the elements placing the components at 90 degrees
- Use of reinforced concrete and steel in modern faces.
- The visual expression of building structure instead of hiding structural aspects
- Asymmetric compounds
- Large windows are set in horizontal bands
Principles of the Modern Facades’ Design
- Lack of decorations in the facade of a modern house; the decorations will be removed and will be very simple, in which explicit materials and connections will be put together.
- The use of modern materials and systems in the facade, exposed steel columns, and concrete blocks are used as complete material.
- Using traditional materials in new ways, materials such as wood, brick, and stone are used in simple ways.
- Emphasize the natural colour of the material. Instead of painting the materials used, they are displayed in a modern look with their natural colour.
Choosing two or three different but harmonious materials makes a very modern look unique and efficient.
Please stay tuned with us in the second part of this article here …